Presentation Title

Stain of the Avro Arrow: An Exploration of American Influence

Format of Presentation

15-minute lecture to be presented the Saturday of the conference

Location

IB 1020

Start Date

24-3-2018 4:30 PM

End Date

24-3-2018 4:45 PM

Abstract

A combination of American influence and selfish Canadian bureaucracy led to the halt and destruction of the CF-105 Arrow, leaving an embarrassing stain on Canadian military history. The destruction of the Arrow cannot be blamed on one variable; analysis of the political-military climate reveals the hurdles for the Canadian innovator A.V Roe. Cold War fear of Russian bombers and Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles motivated Canada and America to join efforts in aerospace defence through various defence commands (ADC, CONRAD, NORAD). Through these defence organizations, the American Air Force introduced the BOMARC/SAGE missile system into Canada to protect American population centres. In what was extremely controversial at the time, America coerced Canada to accept nuclear warheads. Consequently, the unfinished Avro Arrow was replaced and the subsequent fall of A.V Roe caused the biggest brain drain in Canadian history. The BOMARC/SAGE system subsequently failed and left Canada to become dependant on American aerospace defence. The aerospace industry never recovered and the dependence on American defence persists to this day. Questionable business practises and borderline threats from the American government during negotiations expose the “America First” attitude that is familiar to present-day Canadians. Exploration of the Avro Arrow incident exposes corruption in Canadian Government and showed America will always come before Canadian interests, even to Canadians themselves.

Department

History

Faculty Advisor

Tina Block

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Mar 24th, 4:30 PM Mar 24th, 4:45 PM

Stain of the Avro Arrow: An Exploration of American Influence

IB 1020

A combination of American influence and selfish Canadian bureaucracy led to the halt and destruction of the CF-105 Arrow, leaving an embarrassing stain on Canadian military history. The destruction of the Arrow cannot be blamed on one variable; analysis of the political-military climate reveals the hurdles for the Canadian innovator A.V Roe. Cold War fear of Russian bombers and Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles motivated Canada and America to join efforts in aerospace defence through various defence commands (ADC, CONRAD, NORAD). Through these defence organizations, the American Air Force introduced the BOMARC/SAGE missile system into Canada to protect American population centres. In what was extremely controversial at the time, America coerced Canada to accept nuclear warheads. Consequently, the unfinished Avro Arrow was replaced and the subsequent fall of A.V Roe caused the biggest brain drain in Canadian history. The BOMARC/SAGE system subsequently failed and left Canada to become dependant on American aerospace defence. The aerospace industry never recovered and the dependence on American defence persists to this day. Questionable business practises and borderline threats from the American government during negotiations expose the “America First” attitude that is familiar to present-day Canadians. Exploration of the Avro Arrow incident exposes corruption in Canadian Government and showed America will always come before Canadian interests, even to Canadians themselves.