Paper Title

[2.3] The Development of Abortion Policy in Canada and the Issue of Access: An Analysis from a Sociological Perspective

Location

IB 1019

Start Date

January 2020

End Date

January 2020

Disciplines

History | Other Political Science | Politics and Social Change | Sociology

Presentation Type

Presentation

Abstract

Abortion is a controversial topic within the political realm because of its broad and deeply held viewpoints concerning female rights and moral obligations. This paper provides an analysis of the current state of abortion policy in Canada and signifies its importance from sociological and political perspectives, with a focus on the systemic and structural nature of abortion policy development. Beginning with a history of the development of the Canadian abortion policies, the paper explores how despite strides by policy-makers to instate women’s body autonomy, access to abortion services is limited by four contributing factors. 1) New Brunswick violates Canada’s universal health care requirements by not publicly insuring abortion services in clinics. 2) The geographical disparity of abortion services creates economic barriers to abortion services for women particularity of low socio-economic status. 3) There is a general lack of physicians that are willing and adequately trained to perform abortions. 4) Anti-choice physicians can abuse their authority by personally restricting access to abortion in a coercive manner, making a woman believe she does not have the option to abort her unwanted pregnancy. To close, I provide the following recommendations: abortion should be publicly funded in each province and territory in both hospital and clinic settings, policies should be created to increase abortion education in Canadian medical schools, mobile abortion clinics should be implemented to alleviate geographical and economic barriers in rural areas, and policies should be created to ensure that doctors cannot personally inhibit access on moral grounds.

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Jan 18th, 2:30 PM Jan 18th, 4:00 PM

[2.3] The Development of Abortion Policy in Canada and the Issue of Access: An Analysis from a Sociological Perspective

IB 1019

Abortion is a controversial topic within the political realm because of its broad and deeply held viewpoints concerning female rights and moral obligations. This paper provides an analysis of the current state of abortion policy in Canada and signifies its importance from sociological and political perspectives, with a focus on the systemic and structural nature of abortion policy development. Beginning with a history of the development of the Canadian abortion policies, the paper explores how despite strides by policy-makers to instate women’s body autonomy, access to abortion services is limited by four contributing factors. 1) New Brunswick violates Canada’s universal health care requirements by not publicly insuring abortion services in clinics. 2) The geographical disparity of abortion services creates economic barriers to abortion services for women particularity of low socio-economic status. 3) There is a general lack of physicians that are willing and adequately trained to perform abortions. 4) Anti-choice physicians can abuse their authority by personally restricting access to abortion in a coercive manner, making a woman believe she does not have the option to abort her unwanted pregnancy. To close, I provide the following recommendations: abortion should be publicly funded in each province and territory in both hospital and clinic settings, policies should be created to increase abortion education in Canadian medical schools, mobile abortion clinics should be implemented to alleviate geographical and economic barriers in rural areas, and policies should be created to ensure that doctors cannot personally inhibit access on moral grounds.